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Iceland

Presentation:
version 2000

Presentatie:
versie 2000

  Number of versions: 5

   Edition: April 27,  2002
   Updated: December 1, 2010

With thanks to Paul Norton - UK and Lýđur Pálsson (museum curator) - IS for their support.

Alţýđublađiđ-297-Tölublađ-20-Des-1939.Map of Iceland.


Iceland was part of Denmark, but is an independant republic since 1944. That is why this island still has strong bonds with Denmark, what is a.o. shown by the typical edition called Matador. However, the question is where its precursor Milljóner was invented, in Denmark or Iceland or Norway perhaps? 
It was not until 1997 Parker Brothers/Hasbro also introduced their version "ref.14535" with of course the streets of the island's capital Reykjavík



< Advertisement from the daily Alţýđublađiđ of  20-Des-1939.
   Oldest mention of Miljóner (Matador), by the "New Toyfactory" in Reykjavik.

Thómas V.Albertsson, a Folkloristic from Iceland, recently informed me about the following poem, used to promote the Matador game in the days before Christmas 1939:

The poem goes like this: 

Matador er yndis afl.               Matador is joyful power
Allir spila Matador Everyone plays Matador
Matador er tigiđ tafl Matador is a royal game
Teflum bara Matador! Just play Matador

 

The spaces of the Hasbro edition from 1997 are from BYRJUN onwards:

Rofabćr - Samfélagssjóđur - Hraunbćr - Tekjuskattur borgađu - Flugleiđir - Funafold - Áhćtta - Funafold - Áhćtta (= Chance) - Logafold - Fannafold - Fangelsi/Bara í Heimsókn - Stórhöfđi - Rafmagnsveita Reykjavíkur (= Reykjavik Electric Company) - Höfđabakki - Bídshöfđi - Nýherji Lyngháls -= Reykjavik Water Works) borgađu (= Super tax) and Kringlan.

Because there are no railway stations on Iceland anymore, the station spaces now show resp.: 

Iceland's air line  Flugleiđir.

one of the largest IT-Service-Providers Nýherji

the insurance company Vátryggingafélag Íslands Hf.  

the Bank of Iceland Íslandsbanki.

 

The oldest Monopoly-like edition of Iceland?Edition: Milljóner             
Publisher: Nýa Leikfangagerđin, sími 3749 (The new toy factory, tel. 3749)
                  Skólavörđustíg 18 (in Reykjavík) - ±1940    
Dimensions of the game board: 45 x 45 cm
The game:
This edition is property of and shown under nr.B.Arn. 1971 in the Húsíđ - Folk Museum  "The House of Merchants" in Eyrarbakki, Iceland.
Lýđur Pálsson tells about it: 

"This set was used in the farm Galtastadir in the Gaulverjabćr district. It is most probably issued around 1940 and it cannot be younger than from 1944,  because it is known it was played by children who were born 1925 - 1935. "

From Lagt af Stađ (Begin) onwards the other 39 numbered spaces are resp.:   

Fjölnisvegur - Freistiđ Gćfunnar (Surprise) Garđarsstrćti - Fangelsi  ( - Borgiđ 10% Tekjuskatt eđa 200 Kr - Freistiđ Gćfunnar - Blái borđinn veghúsastíg - Vesturgata - Fríkirkjuvegur - Nýja Leikfangagerđin - Hafnarstrćti - Túngata - Kexverksmiđjan Frön - Sîlvellir -  Liverpool - Sjafnargata - Freistiđ Gćfunnar - Bankastrćti - Tjarnargata - Sundhöll (= Swimming pool) - Pósphússtrćti - Tryggvagata - S.Í.S. - Freistiđ Gćfunnar - Laugavegur - Ölg. Egill Skalla Grímss. - Asturstrćti - Skólavörđustígur - Fatabúđin - Bankastrćti - Freistiđ Gćfunnar - Ađalstrćti - Borgiđ Aukaútsvar (Pay extra tax) - Eimskip - Austurvöllur - Freistiđ Gćfunnar and Lćkjartorg. 

The spaces are in a circle over the solid game board, the background of which is green. There is an illustration outside the circle in each corner: a red car next to Begin - a puppet built of wooden rings and the word Uppeldisleikföng (= educational play toys), on top of the manufacturer's address - the exterior of the swimmingpool of number 21 and a building next to number 31 (= Fatabúđin).
There are only 7 colored groups of properties, and there are two Bankastrćti (on nr. 19 and 32). This is the only set so far I've met in which there are 2 of the same street. I have no explanation for that.
There is no castle for the most expensive street, like in the Norwegian edition.

Features of this issue are:

The 10% Tax field is on space 6 instead of 5 on the later Monopoly sets and has a colored bar.

The Jail is on space 5 instead of 11. The rascal stands behind 6 bars.

There are no stations or equivalent spaces. Instead the spaces nr. 8 -14 - 28 and 37 are stores and factories.

The spaces 11 and 31 with black arrow (= symbol for Iceland's "white coal") represent suppliers of electricity.

There is only one type of cards, being the red Freistiđ Gćfunnar (= Surprise) cards that can be drawn on 7 spaces of the game board. This is remarkable because in the Parker Brothers Monopoly editions are 3 Chance spaces and also 3 Community Chest spaces, so altogether 6. One of these cards says:

Due to the King's birthday you are pardoned - you may keep this card until you can use it or sell it to someone else. (= instead of "Get out of Jail free".)

The banknotes are neutral and their currency is Kronor. The 5 denominations are resp.: 1 - 5 - 10 - 50 and 100. So without a 500 Kr note.

The tokens are 6 pawns, which are made of dull wood, like the houses and hotels.



The Icelandic Matador edition.Edition: Matador
Publisher: Inland manufacturer Kassagerđin  -  ±1970
Dimensions of the box: 23 x 44.7 cm 
The game:
Despite the great resemblance with the Danish game a great difference is obvious. On the red lid is only the word Matador, without the illustration of a hand towing 4 rods connected to a boat, hotel, works and an apartment building (see Denmark). 
On the soft gameboard with green playside are the 40 numbered spaces in a circle. The fold goes through the vertical word Matador in the centre of the board. The streets are from the capital Reykjavík
The spaces are from Birjid hér onwards: 

Reynimelur - Freistid Gćfunnar - Vídemelur - Greidid 10% Eignaskatt eda 2000 - Flugfél Ísl. - Sólvallagata - Freistid Gćfunnar - Hofsvallag - Hávallagata - Fangelsi - Sjafnargata - Hitaveitan - Fjölnisvegur - Laufásvegur - Samvinnutr - Barónstígur - Freistid Gćfunnar - Skólavördus - Hringbraut - Pér Vinnid 1000 I happor - Gardastr. - Freistid Gćfunnar - Túngata - Vesturgata - Loftleidir - Hverfisgata - Laugavegur - Rafmagnsv - Lćkjargata - Í fangelsi - Adalstrćti - Hafnarstr. - Freistid Gćfunnar - Pósthússtr. - Sjóvá - Freistid Gćfunnar - Bankastr. - Greidid 1000 aukaútsvar and Austurstr.

Comparison of this Matador edition with the earlier issued Milljóner shows:

Different expressions for Go.

Milljóner has 7 Freistiđ Gćfunnar fields whereas Matador only has 6.

All amounts are 10 times higher in Milljóner.

The Jail is on space nr. 5 in Milljóner while on nr. 11 in Matador.

Both editions have only 14 streets in common, while Milljóner has another 7 streets and Matador 9.

The only 25 yellow "Chance" cards still stick together on one sheet and hence they  have to be detached.
All banknotes have the same pattern and are in 6 denominations: 10 - 50 - 100 - 500 - 1000 and 5000.
The tokens are 6 small plastic cars. The green, plastic houses and red hotels are hollow.
Both dice are black with gold pips.

Some remarkable differences between this Icelandic game and the Danish edition are: 

Space nr. 1 only shows a red  line while Birjid hér is outside the space in the gameboard's green.

The ? on the 6 Chance-spaces is black, while those of the Danish board are white on a black background.

In Iceland the rascal sits, or better stands in jail (space 11); in the Danish edition he comfortably sits on a bench outside the circle of spaces.

The spaces 6 - 16 - 26 and 36 show aviation subjects, where there are ferryboat companies in the Danish edition. 

Spaces 13 (works with steam-plume) and 29 (electricity pylons) obviously deal with electricity, where the Danish edition only promotes resp.Tuborg and Coca Cola.

Space 21 is not Free Parking now although outside the circle of spaces is a car in front of a road sign. 

The "Go to Jail"-space (31) shows a put up hand and outside the circle is a fast leaving car.

Matador and Milljóner in The Húsiđ. This Matador edition is also shown under nr.B.Arn. 2165 in the earlier mentioned Húsíđ - Folk Museum


 

 

The set in the red box was bought in August 1975 for IKr 645.- in the bookshop BÓKABÚĐ MM in Reykjavik.

 

 

Hasbro Icelandic edition 1997.Edition: Standard, ref. 14535.182   
Publisher: Parker Brothers/Hasbro Nordic Denmark -1997
Dimensions of the box: 26.8 x 40.3 x 5.3 cm
of the folded game board: 25.2 x 25.2 cm
The game: 
This is the first Hasbro issue in Iceland. Only the 3 properties of the yellow group can be found again in the older games described here above.

In this so well-known "standard" box is of course the red plastic "banker's tray" with holes for the 7 banknotes and property deeds still present with the banker.
The game board is folded in four and fits, when stored, precisely on the banker's tray. The back of the board is as usual red, the playside is blue green. This edition is made in Ireland and therefore it shows the picture of the "laughing family" at the bottom of the box.
On the game board the Áhćtta cards with nice red back are as usual near the BYRJUN corner while the Samfélagssjóđur cards with their nice blue back are near the Free Parking corner.
The banknotes are of the one side printed new model, i.e. with a black Monopoly ribbon and Uncle Pennybags (since 2000 it is officially Mr. Monopoly) in the upper part of the circle and, almost invisible, the remark "1996 Tonka Corporation" at the bottom. The currency is Kr. and the denominations are resp.: 100 - 500 - 1.000 - 2.000 - 5.000 -10.000 and 50.000.
The 10 tokens are of light metal and are the well-known: hat - shoe - car - boat - dog - wheelbarrow - rider-on-a-horse - thimble - iron and canon. The green houses and red hotels are of not transparant plastic and have all an overhanging roof with an excentric chimney.
Both dice are white with black pips.

The price of this set was IKr. 3990.- (± € 45.-) June 2001.


 

Standard,small box from Icesland, 2007.Edition: Standard, squaire box, ref.  040700009182
Publisher:
Parker Brothers/Hasbro Nordic Denmark - April 2007
Parker/Hasbro are always worldwide standardizing their games (because of which they become the less interesting 
for collectors, to my opinion). Since about 2001, both the Standard editions, both the rectangular and square 
boxes
in all countries got  number 9, the number valid for all American standard editions since the early 1935 issues. 

Yellow corner on the lid..The performance of this new issue is characterized by:

The illustration on the lid is provided with a somewhat cheap looking red rim. In the 
upper right corner of the lid is a yellow spot showing the text saying "Test the rules for the 
shorter version of the game!".

There are only 4 spaces of the 4th side of the game board, showed in perspective, with 1 
house, 1 hotel, still the hat and the racing car as well as both white dice, however now with 
4 and 3
instead of 3 and 5 like in the edition 14535 from  1997.

The perspective red Monopoly bar with its nice shadow effect and Mr.Monopoly with red bow tie (till 2000 he was called Rich Uncle 
Pennybags) that  is on the lid, the game board's midfield as well on all 4 sides of the innerbox.

The bottom of the box no longer shows the "laughing family" but an explanation on this Fasteignaspiliđ (Real Estate Game), with next to 
the barcode the Hasbro logo and the Parker-spiral in black. Next to it is an image of the board with all attributes.
 

It is strange that in this edition some new properties are introduced. (The underlined fields are unchanged.)

The properties are now from BYRJUN onwards:

Bárugata
-
Samfélagssjóđur - Brávallagata - Tekjuskattur borgađu - BSÍ Umferđar-Midstöđin - Kaldalind - Áhćtta
(Kans) - Jöklalind - Haukalind - Fangelsi/Bara í Heimsókn - Stórhöfđi - Rarik - Höfđabakki - Bídshöfđi - Egilsstada-Flugvöllur - Lyngháls - Samfélagssjóđur - Fossháls - Krókháls - Frítt stćđi - Ármúli - Áhćtta - Síđumúli - Suđurlandsbraut - Akureyrar Flugvöllur - Bankastrćti - Austurstrćti - Orkveita Reykjavíkur - Laugavegur - Farđu í fangelsi - Mávanes - Haukanes - Samfélagssjóđur - Blikanes - Leifsstüđ - Áhćtta - Smáralind - Fjármagnsjuskattur borgađu and Kringlan.

The banker's tray of this standard edition is red again and has slots for all 7 banknotes and the property deeds still with the banker. 
The board is folded in four and fits, when stored, precisely on the banker's tray.The back of the board is black and that of the playing side is blue green
On the board the Áhćtta cards with red back and ?, are as usual next to the Start corner and the Samfélagssjóđur cards with their blue back and treasury next to the Free Parking corner.The cards (56x87 mm) do not have rounded corners.The texts on both cards are  printed in red.
The property deeds (56x87 mm) do not have rounded corners.
The banknotes (52x100 mm) are printed single-sided. Up in the circle on the banknote is a black ribbon containing "MONOPOLY with Mr.Monopoly". At the bottom of this circle is in lowercase "©2001 Hasbro Inc.". The currency is Kr and the values of the 7 banknotes are resp.: 100 - 500 -1.000 - 2.000 - 5.000 - 10.000 and 50.000 (ref.100 00009 00A0).
The 10 tokens are of light metal and are the well-known: top hat - shoe - car - boat - dog - wheelbarrow - rider-on-a-horse - thimble - iron and canon. 
The houses and hotels are of opaque plastic and all have an overhanging roof as well as an off-center chimney.
Both dice are white and have black pips.

The price of this edition was in october 2010 IKR 5.199 (€ 33,75).



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albert c. veldhuis
Zoetermeer - The Netherlands
e-mail: worldofmonopoly@gmail.com
(Nederlands,,Deutsch,Français,Magyar)